dimanche, octobre 16, 2005

Canada hors d'Haïti !

En 1990, Jean Bertrand Aristide est élu président par une immense majorité dans la première élection libre d'Haïti, très loin devant le candidat U.S. Il remplaçait le président-à-vie Jean-Claude 'Baby Doc' Duvalier et sa dictature sanglante, fortement appuyée par les U.S. Voici un petit résumé historique, qui commence autour de l'élection de 1990, encore une fois, d'abord Chomsky:

Refugees fleeing to the US from the terror of the US-backed dictatorships were forcefully returned, in gross violation of international humanitarian law. The policy was reversed when a democratically elected government took office. Though the flow of refugees reduced to a trickle, they were mostly granted political asylum. Policy returned to normal when a military junta overthrew the Aristide government after seven months, and state terrorist atrocities rose to new heights. The perpetrators were the army - the inheritors of the National Guard left by Wilson 's invaders to control the population - and its paramilitary forces. The most important of these, FRAPH, was founded by CIA asset Emmanuel Constant, who now lives happily in Queens, Clinton and Bush II having dismissed extradition requests -- because he would reveal US ties to the murderous junta, it is widely assumed. Constant's contributions to state terror were, after all, meager; merely prime responsibility for the murder of 4-5000 poor blacks.
When Aristide was overthrown by the 1991 military coup, the Organization of American States declared an embargo. Bush I announced that the US would violate it by exempting US firms. He was thus "fine tuning" the embargo for the benefit of the suffering population, the New York Times reported. Clinton authorized even more extreme violations of the embargo: US trade with the junta and its wealthy supporters sharply increased. The crucial element of the embargo was, of course, oil. While the CIA solemnly testified to Congress that the junta "probably will be out of fuel and power very shortly" and "Our intelligence efforts are focused on detecting attempts to circumvent the embargo and monitoring its impact," Clinton secretly authorized the Texaco Oil Company to ship oil to the junta illegally, in violation of presidential directives. This remarkable revelation was the lead story on the AP wires the day before Clinton sent the Marines to "restore democracy," impossible to miss - I happened to be monitoring AP wires that day and saw it repeated prominently over and over -- and obviously of enormous significance for anyone who wanted to understand what was happening. It was suppressed with truly impressive discipline, though reported in industry journals along with scant mention buried in the business press.

Also efficiently suppressed were the crucial conditions that Clinton imposed for Aristide's return: that he adopt the program of the defeated US candidate in the 1990 elections, a former World Bank official who had received 14% of the vote. We call this "restoring democracy," a prime illustration of how US foreign policy has entered a "noble phase" with a "saintly glow," the national press explained.
The punishment of Haiti became much more severe under Bush II -- there are differences within the narrow spectrum of cruelty and greed. Aid was cut and international institutions were pressured to do likewise, under pretexts too outlandish to merit discussion.
Bush II planners are even more dedicated to undermining democracy and independence, and despised Aristide and the popular organizations that swept him to power with perhaps even more passion than their predecessors. The forces that reconquered the country are mostly inheritors of the US-installed army and paramilitary terrorists.

US-Haiti, Noam Chomsky, 9 mars 2004

Lire aussi l'excellent résumé de Stephen Lendman

Nous en sommes là. Des élections se préparent, et les forces en place travaillent à s'assurer que cette fois-ci, les bonnes personnes dirigent le pays. Des forces telles les U.S. Marines? La C.I.A.? Bien sûr, mais au tout premier plan des organisations non-gouvernementales, dont la Quebec-based Alternative.

On les connait pour leur encart distribué dans Le Devoir, le mensuel Alternative, 'l’organe officieux de l’aile gauche fédéraliste canadienne au Québec'. On ne s'étonnera pas que cette ONG, dans son projet actuel de 'democracy enhancement', ne collabore qu'avec des groupes anti-Lavalas, 15 en tout. On ne s'étonnera pas non plus que cet organisme s'active sur le front de la propagande. Le numéro de juillet d'Alternative contient un remarquable effort dans ce sens, un dégoûtant ramassis des pires fabrications des assassins au pouvoir. Cette 'chose' a sa réplique sans appel de la main de Nikolas Barry-Shaw. Pierre Beaudet, directeur d'Alternative y répond, mais ne parvient qu'à renforcer l'évidence: cette ONG est un bras d'Ottawa, ce que démontre admirablement le court texte de Joe Emersberger qu'il faut lire absolument si vous voulez comprendre quelque chose quand vous écouterez Bazzo autour des prochaines élections haïtiennes.

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